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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Primary structure of human thromboxane synthase determined from the cDNA sequence.

Polymerase chain reaction techniques have been used to isolate a cDNA clone containing the entire protein coding region of thromboxane A2 synthase (EC from a human lung cDNA library. The cDNA clone hybridizes with a single 2.1-kilobase mRNA species in phorbol ester-induced human erythroleukemia and monocytic leukemia cell lines. A second cDNA, differing only by an insert of 163 base pairs near the 3'-end of the translated region, was also found to be present in the same library. The proteins predicted from both nucleic acid sequences include the three polypeptide sequences determined from amino acid sequencing of the purified human platelet enzyme, five potential sites for N-glycosylation, and a hydrophobic region that may serve to anchor the synthase in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. The longer predicted protein, designated thromboxane synthase-I, contains 534 amino acids, with a Mr of 60,684, whereas the shorter protein, designated thromboxane synthase-II, contains 460 amino acids and has a Mr of 52,408. Although thromboxane synthase-II lacks the conserved cysteine that serves as the proximal heme ligand in the other cytochromes, significant sequence similarities exist among thromboxane synthase-I and -II and several P450s, particularly those in family 3. The overall amino acid identity is considerably less than 40%, making it likely that thromboxane synthase represents a previously undefined family of cytochrome P450.[1]


  1. Primary structure of human thromboxane synthase determined from the cDNA sequence. Ohashi, K., Ruan, K.H., Kulmacz, R.J., Wu, K.K., Wang, L.H. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
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