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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of heme synthesis decreases transferrin receptor expression in mouse erythroleukemia cells.

The coordination of transferrin receptor (TfR) expression and heme synthesis was investigated in mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) cells of line 707 treated with heme synthesis inhibitors or in a variant line Fw genetically deficient in heme synthesis. Cells of line 707 were induced for differentiation by 5 mM hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA). TfR expression increased in the course of induction, as judged by increased TfR mRNA synthesis, increased cytoplasmic TfR mRNA level, and by the increased number of cellular 125I-Tf binding sites. Addition of 0.1 mM succinylacetone (SA) decreased cellular TfR to the level comparable with the uninduced cells. The decrease was reverted by the iron chelator desferrioxamine (DFO) but not by exogenous hemin. In short-term (1-2 hours) incubation, SA inhibited 59Fe incorporation from transferrin into heme, whereas total cellular 59Fe uptake was increased. A decrease in TfR mRNA synthesis was apparent after 2 hours of SA treatment. Conversely, glutathione peroxidase mRNA synthesis, previously shown to be inducible by iron, was increased by SA treatment. Cells of heme deficient line Fw did not increase the number of Tf binding sites after the induction of differentiation by 5 mM sodium butyrate. SA had no effect on TfR expression in Fw cells. The results suggest that the depletion of cellular non-heme iron due to the increase in heme synthesis maintains a high level of transferrin receptor expression in differentiating erythroid cells even after the cessation of cell division.[1]


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