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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytochrome c dependent, antimycin-A resistant respiration in mitochondria from potato tuber (Solanum tuberosum L.). Influence of wounding and storage time on outer membrane NADH-cytochrome-c-reductase.

Cytochrome c has two stimulatory effects on respiration of mitochondria especially those from wounded potato tuber. In the first place a stimulation of succinate- and NADH-consuming, antimycin-A-sensitive respiration, which reaches a maximal value at low cytochrome c concentrations, has been found. In the second place, at higher concentrations of cytochrome c a stimulation of NADH-consuming respiration occurs, which is antimycin-A-resistant, but KCN-sensitive. This antimycin-A-resistant, NADH-consuming respiration is absent, when no cytochrome c is added to the reaction medium. It is insensitive to metal chelators, to which the antimycin-A-and KCN-resistant plant mitochondrial alternative oxidase is sensitive. By measurements of NADH-cytochrome c reductase activities a corresponding antimycin-A-resistant NADH-cytochrome c reductase has been found, which is insensitive to osmotic shock treatment. A localization of this antimycin-A-resistant electron transport with NADH as the electron donor in the outer mitochondrial membrane is likely. In the mitochondrial preparations cytochrome c might stimulate by acting as an electron-carrier between the outer membrane reductase and the inner membrane cytochrome oxidase. A big increase of the outer membrane mediated electron transport in the mitochondria has been observed after wounding of potato tuber tissue. The ability of the tissue to produce this electron transport pathway after wounding disappeared after prolonged storage of the tubers. A possible function of this electron transport pathway in fatty acid desaturation during the wound-reaction is suggested.[1]


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