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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structural characterization of the rat carboxypeptidase-E gene.

Several genomic clones encoding carboxypeptidase-E (CPE) have been isolated and partially sequenced. Southern blot analysis indicates that a single copy of this gene is present in the rat genome. The entire gene spans approximately 50 kilobases and consists of nine exons, each of which contains protein-coding regions. Only one of the exon/intron junctions of the rat CPE gene is present in a comparable position within the genes for carboxypeptidase-A and -B, both of which are only 17-21% homologous to CPE at the amino acid level. Nuclease protection analysis shows that alternative splicing of exons 7, 8, and 9 does not occur, indicating that the heterogeneity of the C-terminal region of CPE is due to posttranslational processing. Primer extension and nuclease protection analyses have identified the 5' end of CPE mRNA to be 105 nucleotides up-stream from the ATG used for protein translation. The 5' flanking region does not contain TATA and/or CCAAT boxes in the near vicinity of the transcription initiation site. The 5' flanking region is GC rich, containing 70% GC residues over nucleotides -1 to -150 (relative to the transcription initiation site). Putative consensus sites for the enhancer elements SP-1, NF-1, Pan-1, and AP-2 are present in the region from -60 to -330. Since this report describes the first neuropeptide-processing enzyme gene to be partially sequenced, it is not possible to compare the sequence with those of other processing enzymes that show similar tissue-specific expression. However, comparison of the CPE sequence with 5' flanking regions of other neuroendocrine genes has revealed a short region (12-18 nucleotides) that is highly conserved among CPE, neuropeptide-Y, oxytocin, insulin, and tyrosine hydroxylase genes.[1]


  1. Structural characterization of the rat carboxypeptidase-E gene. Jung, Y.K., Kunczt, C.J., Pearson, R.K., Dixon, J.E., Fricker, L.D. Mol. Endocrinol. (1991) [Pubmed]
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