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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Calbindin-D9k and parvalbumin are exclusively located along basolateral membranes in rat distal nephron.

There is strong evidence that vitamin D-dependent Ca(2+)-binding proteins, i.e., calbindin-D9k and calbindin-D28k, facilitate diffusion of Ca2+ through the cytosolic compartment of renal and intestinal cells, which transport Ca2+ transcellularly. In the study presented here, parvalbumin, calbindin-D9k, and calbindin-D28k were localized precisely by immunocytochemistry in rat kidney. Antisera recognizing specifically the thick ascending loop of Henle, the connecting tubules and collecting ducts, and the intercalated cells of the collecting ducts were used to identify different cell types. In rat kidney cortex, parvalbumin and calbindin-D9k colocalized in the thick ascending loop of Henle, the distal convoluted tubule, the connecting tubule, and the intercalated cells of the collecting duct. Strikingly, in all responsive cells, parvalbumin and calbindin-D9k were exclusively present in a thin layer along the basolateral membrane. In contrast, calbindin-D28k was only present in the distal convoluted and connecting tubule, where it was evenly distributed through the cytosol. In conclusion, the exclusive localization of parvalbumin and calbindin-D9k at the basolateral membrane of immunopositive renal cells implies their involvement in the regulation of transport processes located in these membranes rather than a role as intracellular Ca2+ buffer and Ca2+ shuttle between the two opposing membranes.[1]

References

  1. Calbindin-D9k and parvalbumin are exclusively located along basolateral membranes in rat distal nephron. Bindels, R.J., Timmermans, J.A., Hartog, A., Coers, W., van Os, C.H. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (1991) [Pubmed]
 
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