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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antibodies to sperm surface antigens and the c-myc proto-oncogene product inhibit early embryonic development in mice.

The effects of antibodies against sperm antigens and the c-myc proto-oncogene product on early embryonic development were investigated in mice. Affinity-purified Fab' antibodies against lithium diiodosalicylate (LIS)-solubilized murine sperm extract and fertilization antigen (FA-1) reduced (p less than 0.01 to p less than 0.001) blastulation rates of in vitro cultured 2-cell murine embryos primarily because of an arrest of development at the morula stage. Similarly, the c-myc monoclonal antibody (mAb) affected early embryonic development in a dose-dependent manner. These effects were specific, since immunoabsorption, with its respective peptide, completely blocked the inhibitory effect of the c-myc mAb. Anti-LIS sperm Fab' identified four protein bands (approx. 36, 29, 24.6, and 17.6 kDa) on Western blots of extracts from unfertilized and fertilized ova, one band (approx. 68 kDa) each on 4-8-cell embryo and morula extracts, and one band (approx. 53 kDa) on blastocyst extracts. Anti-FA-1 Fab' did not react with unfertilized or fertilized ova, but specifically identified two protein bands (approx. 53 and 25.7 kDa) on blots of 2-cell-embryo extract, one band (approx. 25.7 kDa) on morula extract, and one band (approx. 53 kDa) on blastocyst extract. The c-myc mAb did not react with any band corresponding to the c-myc protein on blots of extracts from unfertilized or fertilized ova, 2-cell embryos, 4-8-cell embryos, morulae, or blastocysts. These results suggest that some of the cross-reacting sperm antigens that are expressed during early cleavages, and the product of the c-myc proto-oncogene may have a role in normal early embryonic development.[1]


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