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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypoxanthine transport by cultured Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts.

The uptake of hypoxanthine by Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts grown in tissue culture was studied in wild type clones and 8-azaguanine-resistant mutant clones devoid of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase. Wild type fibroblasts rapidly accumulate [3H]hypoxanthine from the medium and over 80% of the intracellular radioactivity is found in acid-soluble nucleotides. The phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient clones accumulate much lower levels of hypoxanthine and over 85% of the intracellular 3H label is associated with chemically unaltered hypoxanthine. The internal level of hypoxanthine in the mutant clones rapidly approaches but does not exceed that present in the medium. Wild type and phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient cells take up hypoxanthine at almost identical initial rates at external hypoxanthine levels from 2 to 300 muM. Analysis of these data reveals two transport systems that obey the Michaelis-Menten relationship. These differ markedly in affinity, yielding average Km values of 20 and 600 muM for both cell types. Hypoxanthine transport by both low and high affinity transport systems is blocked by p-chloromercuriphenylsulfonate and N-ethylmaleimide. Counter-transport of hypoxanthine was demonstrated in phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient fibroblasts. It is concluded that hypoxanthine is transported into Chinese hamster cells by means of carrier-mediated processes (facilitated diffusion) that operate independently of phosphoribosylation.[1]


  1. Hypoxanthine transport by cultured Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts. Alford, B.L., Barnes, E.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1976) [Pubmed]
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