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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence that type II 5'-deiodinase is not a selenoprotein.

Brain type II 5'-iodothyronine deiodinase and liver type I 5'-iodothyronine deiodinase activities are decreased in rats fed a Se(2+)-deficient diet suggesting that both enzymes are Se(2+)-dependent proteins. Since serum thyroxine (T4) concentrations are twice normal in the Se(2+)-deficient animals, it is unclear whether the Se2+ deficiency or the increased circulating T4 account for the decrease in the brain enzyme. In order to separate these two possibilities, the effects of Se2+ on 5'-deiodinase in glial cells (type II) and LLC-PK1 cells (type I) were examined. LLC-PK1 and glial cells were grown in serum-free defined medium containing 0, 1 pM, 10 nM, and 40 nM Se2+ for 3-5 days or in medium containing 75Se2+ for 24 h. Deiodinase isozymes were determined by measuring catalytic activity and by quantification of the BrAc[125I]T4 affinity-labeled substrate binding subunits. Se2+ deficiency was confirmed by measuring the activity of the selenoprotein, glutathione peroxidase. Se2+ caused a concentration-dependent increase in glutathione peroxidase activity in both cell types, as well as in the type I enzyme, but had no effect on the type II enzyme. LLC-PK1 cells contained multiple 75Se(2+)-labeled proteins including the 27-kDa substrate binding subunit of the type I 5'-deiodinase. Glial cells contained seven 75Se(2+)-labeled proteins ranging in size from 12 to 62 kDa, none of which corresponded to the type II substrate binding subunit. these data show that, unlike the type I enzyme, the type II enzyme does not contain a selenocysteine or selenomethionine, further emphasizing the differences between these two isozymes.[1]


  1. Evidence that type II 5'-deiodinase is not a selenoprotein. Safran, M., Farwell, A.P., Leonard, J.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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