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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Metabolism of pyridoxine in the liver of vitamin B-6-deficient rats.

The metabolism of [6-3H]pyridoxine - HCl was investigated in the liver of vitamin B-6-deficient rats. Rats were made vitamin B-6 deficient by feeding ad libitum for 42 days a diet lacking pyridoxine but otherwise optimal. Animals were each injected intraperitoneally with 33 muCi of [6-3H] pyridoxine - HCl and killed at different time intervals afterwards up to 7 days. Radioactively labeled hepatic B-6 compounds were extracted with acid and chromatographically separated on Dowex-X8 (H+) columns and the percent radioactivity for each vitamin compound was then calculated. Maximal uptake in control and deficient animals was observed 30 and 60 min, respectively, after administration of label. Radioactivity was not retained by the control animals but decreased steadily in a linear fashion after 30 min, reaching a low level after 3 h. On the other hand, vitamin deficient animals accumulated almost twice as much radioactivity in their liver as the controls and retained it through 7 days. In vitamin B-6 deficient animals 93% of the injected radioactivity was metabolized within 2 min at which time pyridoxine 5'-P and pyridoxal 5'-P reached 36 and 44% levels, respectively. Pyridoxine 5'-P dropped to minimal values (3%) within 15 min and remained unchanged for 7 days while pyridoxal 5'-P reached a peak (79%) level at 15 min and then began to drop linearly reaching a plateau (29%) at 5 days. Further, as the level of pyridoxal 5-P was falling, pyridoxamine 5'-P was linearly synthesized reaching a platuau low level (3%). The specific activity level of pyridoxal kinase decreased 3.2 times and that of pyridoxine 5'-phosphate oxidase increased 1.5 times in the state of deficiency. The results presented show that metabolism of [3H]pyridoxine in deficiency is characterized by (a) a delayed, two-fold increase in label uptake as well as an extended label retention period, (b) a rapid pyridoxal 5'-P synthesis, and (c) a continuous synthesis (and accumulation) of pyridoxamine 5'-P which is not utilized or further metabolized.[1]


  1. Metabolism of pyridoxine in the liver of vitamin B-6-deficient rats. Tryfiates, G.P., Saus, F.L. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1976) [Pubmed]
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