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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

'Rec-lac test' for detecting SOS-inducing activity of environmental genotoxic substance.

beta-Galactosidase activities (beta-GA) of E. coli strains carrying the fusion gene of recA and lacZ, GE94 and its DNA repair-deficient derivatives such as KY946[uvrA], KY945[recA] and KY943[lexA] treated with UV, 4NQO, MNNG and MMC were examined. The beta-GA, reflecting the SOS-inducing activity, of GE94 and KY946 treated with these compounds increased significantly with a clear dose-response relationship, and reached a maximum level within 60 min, while no response was seen in KY945 and KY943. Using KY946 and KY945 as a positive and a negative indicator, respectively, the SOS-inducing activity of oxidative mutagens, i.e., hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), formaldehyde, tert-butyl hydroperoxide, cumene hydroperoxide and streptonigrin, was investigated. Clear dose-dependent increases in beta-GA were observed in KY946 treated with all oxidative mutagens tested, but not in KY945. Significant increases in beta-GA were observed with a lower concentration of H2O2 and a shorter incubation time of 4NQO in this assay than in the umu-test. The assay, called 'Rec-lac test' by us, may be useful to detect environmental genotoxic substances.[1]


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