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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The ornithine aminotransferase-encoding gene family of rat: cloning, characterization, and evolutionary relationships between a single expressed gene and three pseudogenes.

As a first step towards understanding the molecular mechanisms through which the expression of the gene (OAT) encoding ornithine aminotransferase (OAT) is regulated in a tissue-specific manner, we have used a near full length OAT cDNA to isolate related sequences from a rat genomic DNA library. Twenty-one unique clones representing five contigs and spanning approximately 140 kb of genomic DNA were isolated and characterized. From these clones we have identified a single expressed OAT gene and three processed pseudogenes. The comparison of the EcoRI, BamHI, and HindIII fragments contained within these genomic clones with those detected in total genomic DNA by the cDNA probe suggests that essentially all of the OAT-related sequences in the rat genome have been isolated. Thus, the tissue-specific regulation of OAT gene expression appears to be effected through a single expressed gene. Data are presented which suggest that the OAT-1, OAT-2, and OAT-3 pseudogenes arose approximately 28.5, 7.3, and 25.1 Myr ago, respectively. Mutation rates are presented for each codon position of the expressed rat and human OAT genes. The region of the rat genome flanking the boundary of the OAT-3 pseudogene is of additional interest as it shares considerable identity to sequences contained within expressed genes and flanking other processed pseudogenes.[1]


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