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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypo-hyperparathyroidism: evidence for a defective parathyroid hormone.

Biochemical evidence for hypoparathyroidism and roentgenographic evidence for hyperparathyroidism were present in a 7-year-old girl with seizures and tetany. She was hypocalcemic (4.7 mg/dl), hyperphosphatemic (11 mg/dl), and normomagnesemic, with elevated parathyroid hormone level (2,603 pg/dl and 3,693 pg/dl in immunoassays utilizing two different antisera). Somatic features of pseudohypoparathyroidism were absent. Increased serum alkaline phosphatase activity (335 IU/liter) with evidence of subperiosteal bone resorption suggested parathyroid hormone activity on bone. Intramuscular administration of parathyroid extract caused a rise in serum calcium level (9.6 mg/dl) and a fall in serum phosphorus level (7.9 mg/dl). The serum calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase activity became normal during vitamin D therapy. Parathyroid hormone values and bone roentgenograms became normal. With serum calcium and phosphorus levels normal, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid infusion was followed by an increase in plasma parathyroid hormone level but not in urinary cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) or phosphaturia; in contrast, parathyroid extract induced cyclic AMP excretion and phosphaturia. These results suggest that endogenous parathyroid hormone in this patient affects bone resorption but not renal handling of phosphate. We infer that this represents a defective endogenous parathyroid hormone.[1]


  1. Hypo-hyperparathyroidism: evidence for a defective parathyroid hormone. Connors, M.H., Irias, J.J., Golabi, M. Pediatrics (1977) [Pubmed]
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