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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning, expression, and nucleotide sequence of rat liver sterol carrier protein 2 cDNAs.

The structure and expression of rat sterol carrier protein 2 (SCP2) were studied by cloning and sequencing SCP2 cDNAs and by hybridizing the SCP2 cDNA to RNA from a variety of rat tissues. Initial screening of a rat liver cDNA library with an oligonucleotide probe derived from the rat SCP2 protein sequence revealed an 825-base pair cDNA clone coding for the complete SCP2 protein sequence. Our results suggest that rat liver SCP2 is 143 amino acid residues long, including a 20-amino acid residue prepeptide (pre-SCP2). Using the rat SCP2 cDNA as a probe for Northern blot hybridization analyses under high stringency conditions with rat liver poly(A) RNA, four mRNA species differing in their sizes and levels of expression are detected. The lengths of the corresponding mRNAs are 0.8, 1.4, 2.1, and 2.7 kilobases (kb), respectively. In all other tissues analyzed mRNAs hybridizing to the SCP2 cDNA probe were detected in levels much lower than in the liver. In these tissues the vast majority of the expressed SCP2 mRNAs consists of the 0.8-kb mRNA. Results from Southern blotting hybridization analyses with rat genomic DNA suggest that the four different mRNA species are products of a single gene. Extensive screening of rat liver cDNA libraries using rat liver SCP2 cDNA probes led to the isolation of 10 additional clones, all of them containing cDNA insertions longer than 0.8 kb. Restriction mapping and nucleotide sequencing analyses of these cDNAs indicate that eight extend upstream of the SCP2 cDNA, and two extend 5' as well as 3'. Translation of the sequence extending most upstream suggests that this cDNA is a nearly full-length cDNA coding for a protein of 547 amino acids (SCP chi). SCP chi contains a 404-amino acid amino-terminal extension as compared with pre-SCP2 whereas its carboxyl-terminal part is identical with pre-SCP2. Sequencing of the 3' extension cDNAs suggests that polyadenylation had occurred 651 nucleotides downstream as compared with the remaining cDNAs. A probe from this region hybridizes to the 1.4- and 2.7-kb mRNAs. From our data we conclude that the 1.4- and 2.7-kb mRNA species are generated by alternative polyadenylation of the 0.8- and 2.1-kb mRNAs, respectively. In contrast, the 2.1- and 2.7-kb mRNAs contain an approximately 1300-nucleotide extension upstream of the 0.8- and 1.4-kb mRNAs, suggesting differential splicing of the primary SCP2 gene transcript leading to expression of pre-SCP2 and SCP chi from a single gene.[1]


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