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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytokine mRNA are preferentially increased relative to secretory granule protein mRNA in mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells that have undergone IgE-mediated activation and degranulation.

The levels of mRNA that encode a number of cytokines have been reported by several laboratories to be increased in mouse mast cells after their IgE-bearing receptors have been cross-linked with Ag. In this study, we have compared the mRNA levels for Fc epsilon RI alpha, three cytokines (IL-6, granulocyte-macrophage CSF, and TNF-alpha), actin and three secretory granule-localized proteins (carboxypeptidase A, proteoglycan peptide core, and a generic serine protease) in mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) before and after IgE-mediated activation and degranulation to determine the kinetics and specificity of mRNA induction. An antigen concentration of approximately 10 ng/ml was optimal for the release of histamine from IgE-sensitized BMMC and for the generation and release of a cytokine that was functionally and immunochemically identical to TNF-alpha. In kinetic experiments, the levels of TNF-alpha, IL-6, and granulocyte-macrophage CSF mRNA increased greater than 23-fold 0.5 to 1 h after activation. As assessed by in situ hybridization, virtually all BMMC contained detectable proteoglycan peptide core mRNA before and after exposure to Ag, but only approximately one-half of the Ag-treated cells in the culture contained IL-6 mRNA 1 h after activation. There was a slight transient increase at 4 h in the level of proteoglycan peptide core mRNA, but no increase in the levels of those highly expressed mRNA that encode actin, Fc epsilon RI alpha, carboxypeptidase A, and serine protease. Thus, despite the remarkable increment in the levels of the transcripts that encode cytokines in BMMC after IgE-mediated, Ag-dependent activation, the levels of those transcripts that encode a plasma membrane-localized recognition receptor and several constituents of the secretory granule remain essentially unchanged. The failure to increase substantially the level of protease and proteoglycan peptide core mRNA in mast cells after the activation/secretion response suggests that regranulation of mast cells is a slow process.[1]


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