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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetic advantage of the interaction between the fatty acid beta-oxidation enzymes and the complexes of the respiratory chain.

Respiration-linked oxidation of 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA, crotonyl-CoA and saturated fatty acyl (C4, C8 and C14)-CoA esters was studied in different mitochondrial preparations. Oxidation of acyl-CoA esters was poor in intact mitochondria; however, it was significant, as well as, NAD+ and CoA-dependent in gently and in vigorously sonicated mitochondria. The respiration-linked oxidation of crotonyl-CoA and 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA proceeded at much higher rates (over 700%) in gently disrupted mitochondria than in completely disrupted mitochondria. The redox dye-linked oxidation of crotonyl-CoA (with inhibited respiratory chain) was also higher in gently disrupted mitochondria (149%) than in disrupted ones. During the respiration-linked oxidation of 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA the steady-state NADH concentrations in the reaction chamber were determined, and found to be 8 microM in gently sonicated and 15 microM in completely sonicated mitochondria in spite of the observation that the gently sonicated mitochondria oxidized the 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA much faster than the completely sonicated mitochondria. The NAD(+)-dependence of 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA oxidation showed that a much smaller NAD+ concentration was enough to half-saturate the reaction in gently disrupted mitochondria than in completely disrupted ones. Thus, these observations indicate the positive kinetic consequence of organization of beta-oxidation enzymes in situ. Respiration-linked oxidation of butyryl-, octanoyl- and palmitoyl-CoA was also studied and these CoA intermediates were oxidized at approx. 50% of the rate of crotonyl- and 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA in the gently disrupted mitochondria. In vigorously disrupted mitochondria the oxidation rate of these saturated acyl-CoA intermediates was hardly detectable indicating that the connection between the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and the respiratory chain had been disrupted.[1]


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