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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Antiplatelet and antithrombotic effects of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) inhibition by arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-serine (RGDS) and arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) (O-me)Y (SC-46749).

Arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) is the minimal sequence in fibrinogen that leads to recognition and binding to the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa platelet receptor during aggregation. Analogs of tetrapeptides containing the RGD sequence have been previously shown to block fibrinogen binding to activated platelets in vitro. SC-46749 is an analog of arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-phenylalanine in which the phenylalanine is replaced by O-methyltyrosine. In this study the biological activities of SC-46749 were examined and its actions compared with the tetrapeptide arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-serine (RGDS), one of the natural sequences on the fibrinogen alpha chain that binds to platelets. In vitro, SC-46749 was more potent than RGDS in inhibiting fibrinogen binding (IC50: SC-46749, 27 microM; RGDS, 47 microM), in preventing ADP-induced aggregation in human platelet-rich plasma (IC50: SC-46749, 32 microM; RGDS, 95 microM) and in inhibiting thrombin-induced aggregation in washed human platelets (IC50: SC-46749, 23 microM; RGDS, 64 microM). In rats, SC-46749 prevented collagen-induced thrombocytopenia with an ED50 of 0.87 mg/kg whereas RGDS did not inhibit the response by 50% at doses up to 10 mg/kg. SC-46749 inhibited thrombus formation in an electrically damaged rat carotid artery in a dose-dependent fashion whereas the effects of RGDS were biphasic. RGDS appeared to delay thrombus formation at lower doses but had no effect at higher doses. When infused in dogs for 15 min, SC-46749 prevented ex vivo collagen-induced aggregation at 4 mg/kg/min. These data demonstrate that SC-46749 is a potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation and platelet-dependent thrombus formation.[1]

References

  1. Antiplatelet and antithrombotic effects of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) inhibition by arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-serine (RGDS) and arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) (O-me)Y (SC-46749). Nicholson, N.S., Panzer-Knodle, S.G., Salyers, A.K., Taite, B.B., King, L.W., Miyano, M., Gorczynski, R.J., Williams, M.H., Zupec, M.E., Tjoeng, F.S. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1991) [Pubmed]
 
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