The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glycine prevention of cold ischemic injury in isolated hepatocytes.

Isolated hepatocytes suspended in a liver preservation solution (University of Wisconsin (UW) solution) and exposed to cold (5 degrees C) ischemia lose viability (LDH release) after 3 (76.5 +/- 2.6% extracellular LDH) and 4 days (90.3 +/- 5.7% extracellular LDH) storage when rewarmed (37 degrees C) in Krebs-Henseleit buffer. However, if 3 mM glycine is added to Krebs-Henseleit buffer the loss of LDH on rewarming was suppressed (% LDH = 24.4 +/- 2.2% and 33.2 +/- 3.0%, at 3 and 4 days, respectively). The protection by glycine could also be obtained by storing the hepatocytes in the UW solution containing 15 mM glycine and rewarming in the absence of glycine in Krebs-Henseleit buffer. There did not appear to be a relationship between the protection by glycine and glutathione concentration of the hepatocytes as shown by the lack of effect of a glutathione synthetase inhibitor (butathionine sulfoximine) on the protective effects of glycine. Other amino acids did not provide protection to hepatocytes exposed to cold ischemia. The mechanism of action of glycine is not known, but this compound may be important in improving cold storage of livers for transplantation.[1]


  1. Glycine prevention of cold ischemic injury in isolated hepatocytes. Marsh, D.C., Hjelmhaug, J.A., Vreugdenhil, P.K., Belzer, F.O., Southard, J.H. Cryobiology (1991) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities