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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparative carcinogenicities of 1-, 2-, and 4-nitropyrene and structurally related compounds in the female CD rat.

The comparative carcinogenicities of N-hydroxy-N-acetyl-1-aminopyrene, N-acetyl-1-aminopyrene, and 1-, 2-, and 4-nitropyrene were determined following i.p. injection into weaning female CD rats (67 mumol/kg body weight in dimethyl sulfoxide; 3 times/week for 4 weeks). At sacrifice 61 weeks after the first injection the incidences of malignant mammary tumors were increased significantly to 45 and 24% in the 4-nitropyrene- and N-hydroxy-N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene-treated groups, respectively. Cellular altered foci in the liver were increased significantly in the N-acetyl-1-aminopyrene-, N-hydroxy-N-acetyl-1-aminopyrene-, and N-hydroxy-N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene- treated groups; the latter two compounds also led to significantly increased formation of hyperplastic nodules in this organ. Significant increases in leukemia induction were observed in animals treated with 2-nitropyrene or N-hydroxy-N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene. In an experiment designed to compare the influence of the route of administration on the carcinogenic potential of this agent, 1-nitropyrene was injected i.p. or s.c. into weanling female CD rats (100 mumol/kg body weight; once a week for 4 weeks). The animals were sacrificed at 87 to 90 weeks after the first treatment. The incidences of mammary gland tumors in animals receiving injections of 1-nitropyrene by either route (59%) were significantly higher than in solvent-injected controls (37%). The incidences of adenocarcinoma in the i.p. 1-nitropyrene group (28%) and fibroadenoma in the s.c. 1-nitropyrene group (52%) were significantly higher than in the control animals (7 and 27%, respectively). These data suggest that the demonstration of the weak carcinogenicity of 1-nitropyrene is probably more a function of the length of the observation period than of the routes of administration used here. A further exploration of the effect of the route of administration involved treatment of weanling female CD rats by direct injection of 1-, 2-, or 4-nitropyrene into the mammary fat pads. A total of 2.04 mumol of the nitrocompound in dimethyl sulfoxide was injected into the mammary glands under each of the 6 left nipples. The right mammary glands were treated with the solvent only. Injections of the thoracic nipple areas were carried out on day 1; inguinal areas were treated on day 2. The animals were sacrificed after 77 weeks. The number of mammary tumor-bearing animals (23 of 28), the number with fibroadenoma (15 of 28), and the number with adenocarcinoma (19 of 28) were significantly increased in the 4-nitropyrene-treated group as compared with animals treated with only dimethyl sulfoxide.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


  1. Comparative carcinogenicities of 1-, 2-, and 4-nitropyrene and structurally related compounds in the female CD rat. Imaida, K., Hirose, M., Tay, L., Lee, M.S., Wang, C.Y., King, C.M. Cancer Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
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