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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of gastroesophageal reflux in pediatric dysphagia.

The history, physical examination, and the results of the upper gastrointestinal series, esophageal manometry, 24-h pH recording, endoscopy, and biopsy are reviewed in 16 children (mean age of 10.6 years, range of 3 years 5 months to 15 years 3 months) who presented to the Alberta Children's Hospital with dysphagia ("food-sticking") without previously identified provocative disorders since January 1985. Of the 16 patients, 11 had had intermittent obstruction, and 7 had had intervention to relieve obstruction (2 Heimlich maneuvers, 1 intravenous glucagon, and 4 endoscopy after failure of intravenous glucagon). Although only five children had a recent history suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux, 12 had histologic evidence of reflux esophagitis (including 1 with a peptic stricture, 1 with "nutcracker" esophagus, and 1 with esophageal dysmotility characteristic of Down's syndrome) and all responded clinically to antireflux therapy. Of the remaining four patients, one had extrinsic esophageal compression from a vascular ring (right aortic arch with left ligamentum arteriosum), one had a single and another had recurrent episodes of food-sticking without any identified abnormality, and one declined investigation. In childhood, dysphagia may be the presenting symptom of reflux esophagitis in the absence of a history suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux and without evidence of a peptic stricture.[1]


  1. The role of gastroesophageal reflux in pediatric dysphagia. Catto-Smith, A.G., Machida, H., Butzner, J.D., Gall, D.G., Scott, R.B. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. (1991) [Pubmed]
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