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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of the autoactivation of human 72-kDa progelatinase by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2.

To study the activation of human 72-kDa gelatinase, and its relation to tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 2 (TIMP-2), we purified human 72-kDa progelatinase both as a complex with TIMP-2 and as a free proteinase. Activation of progelatinase-TIMP-2 complexes with 4-aminophenylmercuric acetate yielded gelatinolytically active enzyme migrating at 62 kDa. TIMP-2 remained bound to the active enzyme. Removal of TIMP-2 from progelatinase by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid, followed by complete dialysis in neutral pH buffer, resulted in multiple fragments. These fragments were formed as a result of the cleavage of 72-kDa progelatinase at several locations. Cleavage at the amino terminus was restricted to the removal of the propeptide, except in the case of degradation leading to inactive fragments. Two active species autocatalytically evolved upon removal of TIMP-2 from progelatinase. The 62 kDa-activated gelatinase lacked the amino-terminal propeptide, which is known to be removed upon treatment with 4-aminophenylmercuric acetate. In addition, an active 42.5-kDa fragment lacking both the propeptide and a portion of the carboxyl terminus was formed. This low-molecular-weight active form of 72-kDa progelatinase retained its ability to bind and degrade gelatin. Self-activation and degradation of 72-kDa progelatinase can be prevented by agents that inhibit metalloproteinases, including 1,10-phenanthroline. Evidence presented here suggests that TIMP-2 binds to a stabilization site that is independent of the active site. This stabilization site does not bind TIMP-1 (TIMP). Occupation of this site by TIMP-2 prevents autocatalytic activation and degradation but does not prevent gelatinolysis by the enzyme-inhibitor complex.[1]


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