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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oolong tea theasinensins attenuate cyclooxygenase-2 expression in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated mouse macrophages: structure-activity relationship and molecular mechanisms.

Oolong tea theasinensins are a group of tea polyphenols different from green tea catechins and black tea theaflavins. The present study reports the inhibitory effects of oolong tea theasinensins on the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and underlying molecular mechanisms in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated murine macrophage RAW264 cells. The structure-activity data revealed that the galloyl moiety of theasinensins played an important role in the inhibitory actions. Theasinensin A, a more potent inhibitor, caused a dose-dependent inhibition of mRNA, protein, and promoter activity of COX-2. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) revealed that theasinensin A reduced the complex of NF-κB- and AP-1-DNA in the promoter of COX-2. Signaling analysis demonstrated that theasinensin A attenuated IκB-α degradation, nuclear p65 accumulation, and c-Jun phosphorylation. Furthermore, theasinensin A suppressed the phosphorylation of MAPKs, IκB kinase α/β (IKKα/β), and TGF-β activated kinase (TAK1). These data demonstrated that the down-regulation of TAK1-mediated MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathways might be involved in the inhibition of COX-2 expression by theasinensin A. These findings provide the first molecular basis for the anti-inflammatory properties of oolong tea theasinensins.[1]


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