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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhancement of the thermostability of subtilisin E by introduction of a disulfide bond engineered on the basis of structural comparison with a thermophilic serine protease.

Sites for Cys substitutions to form a disulfide bond were chosen in subtilisin E from Bacillus subtilis, a cysteine-free bacterial serine protease, based on the structure of aqualysin I of Thermus aquaticus YT-1 (a thermophilic subtilisin-type protease containing two disulfide bonds). Cys residues were introduced at positions 61 (wild-type, Gly) and 98 (Ser) in subtilisin E by site-directed mutagenesis. The Cys-61/Cys-98 mutant subtilisin appeared to form a disulfide bond spontaneously in the expression system used and showed a catalytic efficiency equivalent to that of the wild-type enzyme for hydrolysis of a synthetic peptide substrate. The thermodynamic characteristics of these enzymes were examined in terms of enzyme autolysis (t1/2) and thermal stability (Tm). The half-life of the Cys-61/Cys-98 mutant was found to be 2-3 times longer than that of the wild-type enzyme. Similar results were obtained by differential scanning calorimetry. The disulfide mutant showed a Tm of 63.0 degrees C, which was 4.5 degrees C higher than that observed for the wild-type enzyme. Under reducing conditions, however, the characteristics of the mutant enzyme were found to revert to those of the wild-type enzyme. These results strongly suggest that the introduction of a disulfide bond by site-directed mutagenesis enhanced the thermostability of subtilisin E without changing the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme.[1]


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