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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Heterotropic cooperativity between putative recognition sites for progesterone metabolites and the atypical benzodiazepine Ro 5-4864.

The binding of the cage convulsant t-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS) and 36Cl- uptake by synaptoneurosomes were used to test the ability of progesterone metabolites to modulate allosterically the Ro 5-4864 (4'-chlorodiazepam) binding site that is functionally coupled to the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)/benzodiazepine receptor complex (GBRC) in rat brain. Dose-dependent enhancement of [35S]TBPS binding by Ro 5-4864 occurs in rat cerebral cortex in the presence of the progesterone metabolites 5 alpha-pregnan-3 alpha-ol-20-one (3 alpha-OH-DHP) and 5 alpha-pregnan-3 alpha, 20 alpha-diol (pregnanediol). The pregnanediol effect is completely GABA dependent, whereas that of 3 alpha-OH-DHP is not. Conversely, Ro 5-4864 opposed the action of 3 alpha-OH-DHP by increasing the IC50 for 3 alpha-OH-DHP inhibition of [35S]TBPS binding. In cortical synaptoneurosomes, Ro 5-4864 antagonized both 3 alpha-OH-DHP and pregnanediol enhancement of GABA-stimulated 36Cl- uptake. In both binding and functional studies, pregnanediol showed limited efficacy relative to 3 alpha-OH-DHP, as previously reported. These findings provide the initial evidence that the GBRC-linked Ro 5-4864 binding site is allosterically coupled to the putative progesterone metabolite recognition site and confirm the GABA-mimetic properties of 3 alpha-OH-DHP and pregnanediol.[1]


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