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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease: characterization of human peritoneal and cystic kidney cells in vitro.

Renal cystic epithelia and peritoneal mesothelia from two humans with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) were grown in culture. Cystic epithelial and mesothelial cells formed continuous monolayers in vitro. By electron microscopy, cystic renal cells exhibited a single apical cilium and numerous short, stubby microvilli, both in situ and in vitro. Mesothelial cells exhibited intra- and extracellular membrane-limited, lipid-filled vesicles and surface microvilli. Cystic kidney cells in vitro stained positive for lectins from Cancanavalia ensiformis (concanavalin A), Triticum vulgaris, Erythrina cristagalli, Ulex europeaus, and Arachis hypogaea. Immunocytochemical and lectin staining revealed the renal and peritoneal cells to be of collecting tubule and mesothelial origin, respectively. Both cell types showed large depositions of glycogen granules in the cytoplasm during propagation in certain culture media; in kidney cells, dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) abolished glycogen depositions. Glycogen deposition also was observed in liver tissue obtained by needle biopsy from one patient. No bacteria were cultured from nor endotoxin detected in the renal cyst fluid. Relative to serum, the cyst fluids contained low sodium, potassium, and chloride levels. Thus, cultured ARPKD cells demonstrate a number of characteristics that are different from cells derived from the autosomal dominant form of renal cystic disease (ADPKD).[1]


  1. Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease: characterization of human peritoneal and cystic kidney cells in vitro. Hjelle, J.T., Waters, D.C., Golinska, B.T., Steidley, K.R., Burmeister, V., Caughey, R., Ketel, B., McCarroll, D.R., Olsson, P.J., Prior, R.B. Am. J. Kidney Dis. (1990) [Pubmed]
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