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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A micromorphological and histoenzymological study on the third ventricular ependyma of the teleost Clarias batrachus (L.).

The circum ventricular region of C. batrachus is highly vascular and the ependymal cells appear differently when stained with haematoxylin, silver impregnation and Golgi-Cox techniques. The ventricule has PAS and AF positive material and some ependymal cells themselves are PAS positive. Few AF positive peptidergic and several AF negative small neurons have liquor contacting terminals. Golgi-Cox preparations reveal a variety of forms among the tanycytes. Their basal processes which are barbed or studded with varicosities, usually end on blood vessels and other neuronal elements. These basal processes themselves are often seen in direct morphological contact. Smaller silver positive cells without basal processes are also evident. Some tanycytes have apical processes resembling broadened endfeet. Few neurosecretory tracts are Golgi-Cox positive and can be differentiated from the tanycytic processes by their smooth surface. Varying degrees of ascorbic acid activity are noticed inside the ventricle, among the tanycytes and in the neurons of the NLT. Some of the latter neurons have liquor contacting terminals as well. The ChE activity noticed in some parts of the ependyma and in some NLT cells suggest their probable differential cholinergic control. Presence of SDH, NADPH and NADH diaphorases and cytochrome oxidase in varying quantities in the ependymal cells suggests that they are metabolically active. Presence of MAO positive tracts bridging the subependyma and ventricle suggests the degradation of monoamines at these sites. The presence of various enzymes and the morphological relationship of the tanycytes described in this species are comparable to those of the mammals. It is significant as this species is reported to have a median eminence morphologically resembling the tetrapods.[1]


  1. A micromorphological and histoenzymological study on the third ventricular ependyma of the teleost Clarias batrachus (L.). Sathyanesan, A.G., Joy, K.P. Zeitschrift für mikroskopisch-anatomische Forschung. (1978) [Pubmed]
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