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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distinct properties of Escherichia coli products of plant-type ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase directed by two sets of genes from the photosynthetic bacterium Chromatium vinosum.

We have recently described the existence of two sets of genes encoding ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rbu-P2 carboxylase), rbcA-rbcB and rbcL-rbcS, in the photosynthetic purple sulfur bacterium Chromatium vinosum (Viale, A.M., Kobayashi, H., and Akazawa, T. (1989) J. Bacteriol. 171, 2391-2400). These genes were cloned in plasmid vectors, and their expression was studied in Escherichia coli. Expression of rbcA-rbcB in E. coli was obtained under the control of its own promoter. On the other hand, expression of rbcL-rbcS in this host was not observed unless these genes were cloned under the control of the tac promoter. Purified rbcA-rbcB and rbcL-rbcS products from E. coli consisted of large and small subunits in equimolar ratios. They also showed very close elution profiles to Rbu-P2 carboxylase isolated from C. vinosum in size-exclusion chromatography columns, thus suggesting hexadecameric (L8S8) structures. Vmax of Rbu-P2 carboxylase were very similar for both enzymes, but the Km values for CO2 and ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate showed some differences. Immunochemical and N-terminal amino acid sequence analyses of the large and small subunits encoded by rbcA-rbcB and rbcL-rbcS also differed, especially at the level of the small subunits. The comparisons described above as well as the analysis of C. vinosum crude extracts by anion-exchange chromatography indicated that Rbu-P2 carboxylase encoded by rbcA-rbcB was the only species detected in the photosynthetic bacterium.[1]


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