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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sulfotransferase-mediated chlorination of 1-hydroxymethylpyrene to a mutagen capable of penetrating indicator cells.

Methylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are common in the human environment. Many of them are stronger carcinogens than their purely aromatic congeners. They may be metabolized to benzylic alcohols. We report here on biochemical and toxicological characteristics of 1-hydroxymethylpyrene (HMP), a typical representative of this class of compounds. Rat liver cytosol, fortified with 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate, converted HMP into its sulfate ester (HMPS), HMPS bound covalently to isolated DNA. In physiological buffer at 37 degrees C, HMPS had a half-life of 2 min, the major decomposition product being HMP. Thus, cyclic activation is possible. When Cl- anions were present at physiological concentrations, an additional reaction product of HMPS, 1-chloromethylpyrene (ClMP), could be identified on the basis of its chromatographic properties and its mass spectrum, using the authentic standard for comparison. ClMP was shorter-lived in buffer than HMPS. ClMP reacted with DNA, the adduct pattern in the 32P-postlabeling analysis being similar, or identical, to that of HMPS. ClMP proved to be a very potent mutagen in Salmonella typhimurium, whereas HMPS, and HMP in the presence of a sulfate-conjugating system, showed strong mutagenicity only when Cl- or Br- ions were present in the exposure buffer. It is concluded that HMPS is capable of reacting with DNA, but is hampered in its distribution by membrane barriers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Sulfotransferase-mediated chlorination of 1-hydroxymethylpyrene to a mutagen capable of penetrating indicator cells. Glatt, H., Henschler, R., Phillips, D.H., Blake, J.W., Steinberg, P., Seidel, A., Oesch, F. Environ. Health Perspect. (1990) [Pubmed]
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