The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Altered water metabolism in tuberculosis: role of vasopressin.

PURPOSE: Patients with hyponatremia due to tuberculosis have shown variable responses to water loading in previous small studies, ranging from persistent antidiuresis to a normal diuresis. Although tuberculosis is considered a cause of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), circulating vasopressin has been documented in only a few cases. We studied a larger group of patients to determine whether it can be suppressed by a short-term reduction in osmolality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight hyponatremic patients (mean age +/- SD: 40 +/- 10 years) with pulmonary or miliary tuberculosis underwent a clinical evaluation, measurement of blood and urine chemistry values, and (in 22) a water load of 20 mL/kg. Volume status was evaluated by urine sodium concentration, blood and urine urea nitrogen, and plasma renin activity. Endocrine, renal, and other recognized causes of SIADH were excluded. RESULTS: All 22 patients exhibited a decline in urine osmolality and an increase in free water clearance after water loading. Water excretion was fully normal in seven of 22, with the remainder showing variable impairment of diluting ability and/or volume excreted. Plasma vasopressin, measured in 11 of 22 patients as well as in six others not subjected to water loading, was detectable despite hypo-osmolality in 16 of 17. Vasopressin levels declined after water loading, from 1.85 +/- 1.32 to 0.77 +/- 0.25 pg/mL (p less than 0.05). The majority of patients had the euthyroid sick syndrome but normal adrenal responses to cosyntropin. Although several patients had mild volume depletion when studied, this factor did not appear to explain the defect in water excretion. Hyponatremia resolved predictably within days to weeks of antituberculous therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating vasopressin remains detectable in hyponatremic patients with tuberculosis and is responsive to changes in osmolality. A downsetting of osmoregulation induced by active tuberculosis ("reset osmostat") could explain this abnormality, but we cannot exclude an unidentified non-osmotic stimulus that can be counteracted by water loading.[1]


  1. Altered water metabolism in tuberculosis: role of vasopressin. Hill, A.R., Uribarri, J., Mann, J., Berl, T. Am. J. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities