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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acid-base catalysis in the yeast alcohol dehydrogenase reaction.

The effect of pH on steady state kinetic parameters for the yeast alcohol dehydrogenase-catalyzed reduction of aldehydes and oxidation of alcohols has been studied. The oxidation of p-CH3 benzyl alcohol-1,1-h2 and -1,1-d2 by NAD+ was found to be characterized by large deuterium isotope effects (kH/kD = 4.1 plus or minus 0.1) between pH 7.5 and 9.5, indicating a rate-limiting hydride trahsfer step in this pH range; a plot of kCAT versus pH could be fit to a theoretical titration curve, pK = 8.25, where kCAT increases with increasing pH. The Michaelis constnat for p-CH3 benzyl alcohol was independent of pH. The reduction of p-CH3 benzaldehyde by NADH and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide with deuterium in the 4-A position (NADD) cound not be studied below pH 8.5 due to substrate inhibition; however, between pH 8.5 and 9.5, kCAT was found to decrease with increasing pH and to be characterized by significant isotope effects (kH/kD = 3.3 plus or minus 0.3). In the case of acetaldehyde reduction by NADH and NADD, isotope effects were found to be small and exxentially invariant (kH/kD = 2.O plus or minus 0.4) between pH 7.2 and 9.5, suggesting a partially rate-limiting hydride transger step for this substrate; a plot of kCAT/K'b (where K'b is the Michaelis constant for acetaldehyde) versus pH could be fit to a titration curve, pK = 8.25. The titration curve for acetaldehyde reduction has the same pK but is opposite in direction to that observed for p-CH3 benzyl alcohol oxidation. The data presented in this paper indicate a dependence on different enzyme forms for aldehyde reduction and alcohol oxidation and are consistent with a single active site side chain, pK = 8.25, which functions in acid-base catalysis of the hydride transfer step.[1]


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