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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparison of gastric mucosal blood flow as determined by aminopyrine clearance and gamma-labeled microspheres.

Gastric mucosal blood flow was simultaneously determined by aminopyrine clearance and gamma-labeled microspheres (15 +/- 5 mu in diameter) in anesthetized dogs prepared with a chambered segment of stomach greater curvature. Paired flow measurements were made in 11 dogs (n = 28) secreting in response to intravenous histamine (1mug per kg per min), in 11 (n = 21) nonsecreting dogs given intravenous isoproterenol (0.5 or 1.0 mug per kg per min), and in 9 (n = 10) dogs given no drugs to stimulate secretion or blood flow (resting dogs). Eight additional injections were done in dogs receiving various combinations of isoproterenol and histamine. Isotonic HCl was maintained on the mucosal surface during all experiments. Regression analysis demonstrated a highly significant linear correlation between clearance and microsphere-measured flow in the histamine (P less than 0.001, r = 0.96) and isoproterenol (P less than 0.001, r = 0.78) experiments, with clearance averaging 83% of microsphere flow during histamine stimulation but only 25% during isoproterenol. The relationship between clearance and microsphere flow was not significantly different for the resting and isoproterenol experiments. Mucosal perfusion measured by microspheres was about 5 times the resting value for both histamine and isoproterenol-stimulated dogs. Perfusion calculated from aminopyrine clearance averaged 46, 38, and 90% of the microsphere value in the resting, isoproterenol, and histamine experiments, respectively. Pooled data from secreting dogs demonstrated a fairly constant ratio of microsphere-measured flow to clearance (1.25 +/- 0.06 mean +/- SEM), regardless of the secretory rate. Our results indicate that aminopyrine clearance reflects only a small fraction of mucosal blood flow in the nonsecreting stomach, even in the presence of exogenous acid.[1]


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