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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Spontaneous interstitial nephritis in kdkd mice. II. Characterization of a tubular antigen-specific, H-2K-restricted Lyt-2+ effector T cell that mediates destructive tubulointerstitial injury.

In this report, we have examined the effector T cell repertoire in the spontaneous interstitial nephritis of kdkd mice. Lymph node cells from nephritic kdkd mice are capable of transferring this disease into thymectomized, irradiated, and bone marrow-reconstituted CBA/Ca recipients. CBA/Ca mice do not spontaneously develop interstitial nephritis and are normally resistant to the adoptive transfer of nephritic cells, a resistance that in the short term can be attenuated with low-dose cyclophosphamide. We therefore used delayed-type hypersensitivity responses and direct transfer of immune cells under the renal capsule to characterize nephritogenic effector cells from kdkd donor mice. Lyt-2+, L3T4- T cells from the peripheral lymphoid organs of nephritic kdkd mice, after adoptive transfer into cyclophosphamide-pretreated CBA/Ca recipients, mediate an antigen-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity response to renal tubular basement membrane antigens. These cells are restricted by gene products in H-2Kk; they are also present in nephritic, but not in control kidneys. We have also observed this same phenotypic subpopulation of kdkd lymphocytes mediate a destructive interstitial renal lesion within 7 days of being placed under the kidney capsule of CBA/Ca mice. These findings suggest that T lymphocytes reactive to a parenchymal tubular antigen are of substantial importance in the development of spontaneous interstitial nephritis in kdkd mice.[1]


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