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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of an omega-conotoxin-sensitive calcium channel in Xenopus oocytes injected with mRNA from Torpedo electric lobe.

Xenopus laevis oocytes were injected with poly(A)+ RNA isolated from the electric lobe of Torpedo californica. Six to nine days after mRNA injection of the oocytes a cadmium-sensitive inward current could be detected in oocytes bathed in a calcium- and chloride-free solution containing 40 mM barium. This inward current could be distinguished from the native barium current of control oocytes by its high sensitivity to blockade by cadmium ions and its inhibition by omega-conotoxin, a peptide neurotoxin from Conus geographicus. Neither the current of control cells nor that of injected cells was detectably affected by nisoldipine (1 microM) or nitrendipine (1 microM). However, the barium current of control oocytes showed appreciably more inactivation (in the barium solution used for recording) than the omega-conotoxin-sensitive current that develops in mRNA-injected oocytes. Culturing of mRNA-injected oocytes in medium containing actinomycin D failed to prevent the appearance of the omega-conotoxin-sensitive current. These results support the conclusion that mRNA from Torpedo electric lobe is translated to produce an additional calcium channel in Xenopus oocytes. The features of this channel suggest that it may be the same type of calcium channel that controls transmitter release at nerve endings in Torpedo electroplax.[1]


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