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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of radiation-induced transformation of C3H/10T1/2 cells by carboxypeptidase inhibitor 1 and inhibitor II from potatoes.

In the current study, the ability of four protease inhibitors to suppress radiation-induced transformation of C3H/10T1/2 cells was investigated. The inhibitors tested included: (i) aprotinin (a serine protease inhibitor), (ii) N-acetyl-L-tyrosine ethyl ester (a chymotrypsin substrate and competitive inhibitor of protein degradation), (iii) carboxypeptidase inhibitor (a metallo-exopeptidase inhibitor) and (iv) Inhibitor II (a chymotrypsin/trypsin inhibitor). While none of the inhibitors were toxic to the cells at the concentrations employed, only carboxypeptidase inhibitor and inhibitor II are internalized radiation-induced transformation in a statistically significant manner. Utilizing fluorescent labeled inhibitors, we found that carboxypeptidase inhibitors and Inhibitor II are internalized by the cells. Fluorescent-labeled inhibitor could be observed in the cells within 15 min of incubation and is present in distinct intercellular vacuoles within 1 h. These results indicate that carboxypeptidase inhibitor and Inhibitor II are internalized by C3H/10T1/2 cells and thus would be able to inhibit intracellular proteases (or other enzymes) involved in the conversion of a cell to the malignant state.[1]


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