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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amphetamine discrimination: effects of dopamine receptor agonists.

Dopamine (DA) D-1 and D-2 receptor agonists and antagonists were characterized in receptor binding and adenylate cyclase assays with respect to affinity, selectivity and efficacy. The ability of the ligands to interact with the discriminative stimulus effects of d-amphetamine (AMPH) was then assessed. The D-2 agonists, quinpirole, pergolide and CH 29-717, substituted completely for AMPH while neither partial (SKF 38393 and SKF 75670) nor full D-1 receptor agonists (SKF 89626 and SKF 81297) substituted. On the other hand, the selective D-1 and D-2 antagonists all blocked AMPH. The substitution for AMPH by pergolide was blocked by raclopride but not by SCH 23390, indicating D-2 mediation. In contrast, the motor effects of pergolide were blocked by both raclopride and SCH 23390, indicating mixed D-1/D-2 receptor involvement. These results suggest that D-1 and D-2 are equally involved in the expression of functional effects in the DAergic motor systems. Conversely, D-2 receptors may play a primary role in the DA systems involved in the AMPH cue; furthermore, the D-1 and D-2 receptors in the systems are relatively uncoupled.[1]


  1. Amphetamine discrimination: effects of dopamine receptor agonists. Nielsen, E.B., Randrup, K., Andersen, P.H. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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