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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The protein components of the 12-nanometer microfibrils of elastic and nonelastic tissues.

A procedure has been developed which is much more specific for the solubilization of the elastin-associated microfibrils from fetal bovine nuchal ligament using treatment with reductive saline in place of reductive guanidine hydrochloride buffer. When analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, reductive saline extracts were shown to contain only five major protein bands with Mrs of 340,000, 78,000, 70,000, 31,000, and 25,000. The 31-kDa species was identified immunologically as the previously described macromolecule named microfibril-associated glycoprotein (MAGP) (Gibson, M. A., Hughes, J. L., Fanning, J. C., and Cleary, E. G. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 11429-11436). The proteins were purified by gel permeation, ion exchange, and affinity chromatography. Amino acid analyses showed that each protein had a profile which was distinct from that of MAGP although each was also high in acidic amino acids and cystine. The 340- and 78-kDa species were each demonstrated by immunoelectron microscopy with affinity-purified antibodies to be derived from the elastin-associated microfibris, and these were provisionally named microfibrillar protein 340 (MP340) and microfibrillar protein 78 (MP78), respectively. Each of the above antibodies gave a tissue distribution identical to that of anti-MAGP antibodies, and thus MP340 and MP78 also were identified with the 12-nm microfibrils of nonelastic tissues. MP340 was shown to absorb out completely the microfibrillar immunoreactivity of anti-(reductive guanidine hydrochloride extract) antibodies, indicating that MP340 was (a) the major microfibrillar constituent in these extracts and (b) the second unidentified microfibrillar antigen described previously. The relationship of the 70- and 25-kDa proteins to microfibrils is yet to be established. Immunoblot and immunoabsorption studies showed that MAGP and MP78 were immunologically related to MP340 but not to each other. Cyanogen bromide peptide mapping indicated that MAGP was structurally related to MP340. It is postulated that MAGP and MP78 are constituents of MP340 which in turn is the subunit of which the 12-nm microfibrils are composed.[1]


  1. The protein components of the 12-nanometer microfibrils of elastic and nonelastic tissues. Gibson, M.A., Kumaratilake, J.S., Cleary, E.G. J. Biol. Chem. (1989) [Pubmed]
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