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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Assay of vacuolar pH in yeast and identification of acidification-defective mutants.

As part of a genetic analysis of the biogenesis and function of the vacuole (lysosome) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, assays of vacuolar pH were developed and used to identify mutants defective in vacuolar acidification. Vacuoles were labeled with 6-carboxyfluorescein with the membrane-permeant precursor 6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate. Dual-excitation flow cytometry was used to calibrate the pH-dependence of 6-carboxyfluorescein fluorescence in vivo. Vacuoles in wild-type yeast were mildly acidic, pH 6.2, in cells grown under several different conditions. Cultures labeled with 6-carboxyfluorescein were screened by fluorescence-ratio microscopy to detect mutants that had defects related to vacuolar acidification. A recessive nuclear mutation, vph1-1, caused an abnormally high vacuolar pH of 6.9, as assayed by flow cytometry, and eliminated vacuolar uptake of the weak base quinacrine. Acidification in a pep12::LEU2 mutant appeared defective by fluorescence-ratio microscopy and quinacrine-uptake assays, but the vacuolar pH in the pep12::LEU2 mutant was nearly normal (pH 6.3) in flow cytometric assays.[1]


  1. Assay of vacuolar pH in yeast and identification of acidification-defective mutants. Preston, R.A., Murphy, R.F., Jones, E.W. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1989) [Pubmed]
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