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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transforming growth factor-alpha expression in the anterior pituitary gland: regulation by epidermal growth factor and phorbol ester in dispersed cells.

We have previously reported the immunohistochemical localization of transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF alpha) in the intact bovine anterior pituitary gland. Furthermore, we have purified TGF alpha from the conditioned medium of cell cultures derived from the bovine anterior pituitary. We report her the identification of the TGF alpha mRNA from both the intact bovine anterior pituitary gland and the anterior pituitary derived cell cultures. The level of TGF-alpha mRNA in the cell cultures is greater than that present in the intact gland. The TGF-alpha mRNA level increased when the cell cultures were allowed to incubate in their conditioned medium for 3 days, suggesting that a secretory product from the cultured cells is capable of stimulating the accumulation of the TGF-alpha mRNA. 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) stimulation of these cells resulted in a 6-fold increase in the level of TGF-alpha secreted into the conditioned medium. TPA appears to stimulate TGF-alpha secretion at the level of gene transcription as TPA treatment also resulted in an increased accumulation of the TGF-alpha mRNA. The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor mRNA was examined in these cell cultures and it increased with TPA treatment in an analogous manner to the TGF-alpha mRNA. EGF treatment of the pituitary cells resulted in an increased level of TGF-alpha mRNA which followed the same time course as TPA, maximal stimulation occurred after 8 h of treatment. The magnitude of EGF stimulated TGF-alpha mRNA was not as great as that seen by TPA stimulation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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