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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cutaneous responses to 12-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) and 5,12-dihydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (leukotriene B4) in psoriasis and normal human skin.

The arachidonate lipoxygenase products 12-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) and 5(S),12(R)-dihydroxy-6,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (leukotriene B4, LTB4) are potent leucocyte chemoattractants in vitro and in vivo. Both 12-HETE and LTB4-like material are found in increased amounts in lesional skin in psoriasis. Epicutaneous administration of 12(R,S)-HETE and LTB4 in normal skin evokes neutrophil and mononuclear dermal infiltrates accompanied by collections of neutrophils in the epidermis. Similar appearances result from the application of LTB4 to uninvolved skin in psoriasis. We have now investigated the effects of single and multiple epicutaneous applications of 12(R,S)-HETE and LTB4, both alone and in combination, in normal human skin and in clinically uninvolved skin of patients with psoriasis. As in the case of LTB4, erythematous responses to 12(R,S)-HETE were similar in normal skin and in psoriasis. Similar neutrophil polymorphonuclear responses were evoked by topical application of 50 ng LTB4 and 20 micrograms 12(R,S)-HETE. Application of the combination of 12(R,S)-HETE and LTB4 evoked only a partially additive erythematous response, and no evidence of an additive neutrophilotactic response was detected histologically. Multiple applications resulted in tolerance both clinically and histologically. Cross tolerance to 12(R,S)-HETE and LTB4 occurred in the majority of subjects. These results suggest that both 12(R,S)-HETE and LTB4 may be important in the production and control of the magnitude of the inflammatory events in psoriasis.[1]


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