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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of the electrogenic Na,K pump and Na,K-ATPase activity by tetraethylammonium, tetrabutylammonium, and apamin.

The K+-induced hyperpolarization of Na-loaded mouse diaphragm muscle, enzymatic activity of Na,K-ATPase and 3H-ouabain binding to rat brain microsomes was measured in the presence of K+ channel blockers tetraethylammonium (TEA), tetrabutylammonium (TBA) and apamin. TBA, and to a lesser extent TEA in millimolar concentrations, inhibited the electrogenic effect of the Na,K pump, Na,K-ATPase activity, and 3H-ouabain binding. The inhibition of 3H-ouabain binding by TEA or TBA was more evident in the presence of ATP and Na+ ions. Apamin in nanomolar concentrations inhibited the electrogenic effect of Na,K pump and Na,K-ATPase but not the 3H-ouabain binding. The hyperpolarizing effects of insulin and NADH, but not that of noradrenaline, were also prevented by apamin. The inhibition of Na,K pump by TEA and TBA is apparently due to both competition with K+ for a binding site on the Na,K-ATPase and a reduction in the number of transporting sites. The site of action of apamin on Na,K-ATPase is different from that of tetra-alkylammonium compounds; it apparently decreases the turnover rate of the enzyme.[1]


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