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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA rearrangements affecting both variable and constant regions of Ig H chain genes in MPC11 mouse myeloma variants.

We have examined the mechanisms that account for short Ig H chain production in two variants of the mouse myeloma cell line MPC11 (IgG2b, kappa) by mRNA sequencing and restriction enzyme mapping. One variant, F5.5, has a thymidine residue inserted into the (CH3) domain, of the Ig H chain, resulting in premature termination and translation of a gamma 2b H chain of 50,000 m.w. A second variant, E5.7A12, contains gamma 2a-derived sequences that extend from near the 3' end of the CH2 domain to the intervening sequence between the CH2 and CH3 domains, consistent with a microrecombination event (defined as either a double cross-over or gene conversion event). In this variant, the 5' end of the CH3 domain has been deleted, but the remainder of the gamma 2b(CH3) domain is present, resulting in the translation of a gamma 2b-gamma 2a-gamma 2b H chain of 52,000 m.w. Additional rearrangements affecting sequences in or adjacent to the variable region accompany H chain constant region alterations in these cell lines and subclones of these cell lines. In F5.5, novel sequences have recombined within one of two duplicated copies of the VH gene. In a sister clone of E5.7A12 that has ceased H chain production (E5.7A14), new sequences have recombined within 300 bp 5' of the enhancer element. Both F5.5 and E5.7A12, like their immediate unstable precursor cells, fail to assemble H-H dimers, halting the Ig assembly process at the heavy-light stage, and do not secrete H chains. We speculate that defects in H chain assembly and secretion, as exemplified by the parents of these variants (i.e., intermediates of these secondary variants), reactivate the Ig gene rearrangement machinery and result in the formation of these putatively equally unstable secondary variants.[1]


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