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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A placebo-controlled trial of procaterol: a new long-acting oral beta 2-agonist in bronchial asthma.

Procaterol hydrochloride, a potent beta 2-adrenergic bronchodilator developed in Japan, was evaluated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study for efficacy and safety in 45 patients (ages 18 to 55 yr) with chronic documented reversible airway disease. After a 1-week placebo washout period, patients were administered either 0.05 mg or 0.10 mg of procaterol or placebo twice daily for 2 wk. Spirometric determinations, vital signs, and ECGs were obtained at 1/2, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hr after the first dose and at the same time intervals after 1 and 2 wk of treatment. Patients recorded on a daily basis peak flow rates, asthma symptoms, need for supplemental aerosol, concurrent medications, and side effects. Spirometry results indicated significant improvement in pulmonary function with both doses of procaterol compared with placebo (P less than 0.05). The larger dose was generally more effective. Bronchodilatation was evident 1/2 hr after dosing and peaked at 2 hr. At 8 hr after 0.10 mg of procaterol, FEV1 was still above predose values. Daily peak flow rates were significantly higher with 0.10 mg than with 0.05 mg (P less than 0.05) and placebo (P less than 0.001). Tremor and nervousness were the most frequent side effects. They occurred in a dose-related frequency, were mild and transient, and occurred early in treatment. No significant drug-related changes were noted in ECGs, heart rate, blood pressure, or clinical laboratory data. Procaterol was found to be an effective, well-tolerated oral bronchodilator with a long duration of action, especially at 0.10 mg twice daily.[1]


  1. A placebo-controlled trial of procaterol: a new long-acting oral beta 2-agonist in bronchial asthma. Siegel, S.C., Katz, R.M., Rachelefsky, G.S., Brandon, M.L., Borgen, L.A. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1985) [Pubmed]
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