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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two populations of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells occur in the spinal cord of the chick embryo and hatchling.

The existence of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-containing neurons in the spinal cord of the chick embryo was investigated by anti- TH immunocytochemistry. Two populations of intensely immunostained cells were observed along the entire extent of the cord, beginning late in chick embryogenesis. One group of TH-positive cells was particularly numerous and found ventral to the central canal. The other group, which was smaller in number, was located along the superficial and lateral border of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. When examined by the glyoxylic acid histofluorescence technique, cells could be visualized only very infrequently ventral to the central canal, and not at all within the dorsal horn. However, after pretreatment of hatchlings with the catecholamine synthesis precursor L-DOPA, cells ventral to the canal were readily observed by histofluorescence, while the dorsally located cells seldom visualized. Since these populations of TH-positive cells appear to only partially express the catecholaminergic phenotype, these cells may provide a model in which factors regulating the expression of neurotransmitter phenotypes can be examined in neurons of the developing CNS.[1]


  1. Two populations of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells occur in the spinal cord of the chick embryo and hatchling. Wallace, J.A., Mondragon, R.M., Allgood, P.C., Hoffman, T.J., Maez, R.R. Neurosci. Lett. (1987) [Pubmed]
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