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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The regulation of the corticomelanotropic cell activity in aves. III--Effect of various peptides on the release of MSH from dispersed, perfused duck pituitary cells. Cosecretion of ACTH with MSH.

1. The melanotropin-releasing activity of arginine-vasopressin (AVP), arginine-vasotocin (AVT), oxitocin (OT), mesotocin (MT) and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) was studied in the duck using dispersed, perfused pituitary cells and a specific alpha-MSH RIA. 2. Log dose-response curves were obtained for all the peptides ranging from 5 to 100 ng/ml. All peptides behaved as partial agonists compared to duck median eminence extracts (DME). 3. AVT and MT displayed an alpha-MSH releasing capacity of 60% relative to DME whereas all other peptides behaved as weak agonists with less than 15% capacity relative to DME. 4. AVT and CRF when perfused together acted synergistically on alpha-MSH release yielding a dose response line whose slope approximated that of DME. 5. ACTH was cosecreted together with alpha-MSH in all situations studied with an ACTH to alpha-MSH molar ratio of about 10. 6. It is concluded that CRF and neurohypophyseal peptides may be physiological stimulators of both alpha-MSH and ACTH release in aves.[1]


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