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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An Fc receptor structurally related to MHC class I antigens.

Maternal immunoglobulin G transmitted to the fetus or newborn provides humoral immunity for the first weeks of mammalian life. Fc receptors on intestinal epithelial cells of the neonatal rat (FcRn) mediate the uptake of IgG from milk. Affinity-purified FcRn is resolved by SDS-PAGE into components of relative molecular masses 45,000-53,000 (p51) and about 14,000 ( p14). We report the identification of the smaller component as beta 2-microglobulin. Association of beta 2-microglobulin with p51 was confirmed by crosslinking in intestinal epithelial cell brush borders. We have cloned a cDNA encoding the presumptive Fc-binding subunit, p51, and its predicted primary structure has three extracellular domains and a transmembrane region which are all homologous to the corresponding domains of class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens. This is the first time a function has been assigned to an MHC antigen-related molecule.[1]


  1. An Fc receptor structurally related to MHC class I antigens. Simister, N.E., Mostov, K.E. Nature (1989) [Pubmed]
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