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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of liver regeneration on hepatic cytochrome P450 isozymes and serum sex steroids in the male rat.

Partial hepatectomy in male adult rats results in raised serum estrogen levels and demasculinization of certain aspects of hepatic metabolism. Some constitutive forms of hepatic cytochrome P450 are sex-dependent and we have previously demonstrated demasculinization of cytochrome P450 isozyme distribution in a rat model of cirrhosis. As liver regeneration is an integral component of cirrhosis, the present study was performed to ascertain the effects of regeneration on hepatic cytochrome P450 isozyme composition and serum sex steroid concentrations. Adult male rats were subjected to 65% partial hepatectomy or sham-operation. The position-specific hydroxylation of androstenedione was used as a probe for isozyme activity. Serum sex steroids, hepatic enzymes, and hepatic deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis were measured in groups of animals at 0, 6, 24, 48, and 72 h. By 72 h total microsomal cytochrome P450 in partially hepatectomized animals had fallen to 66% of that in nonoperated animals. In both partially hepatectomized and sham-operated animals, androstenedione 7 alpha- and 16 beta-hydroxylase activity returned to preoperative levels by 48 h. However, the male-specific androstenedione 16 alpha- and 6 beta-hydroxylase activities and aromatase activity remained suppressed in partially hepatectomized liver. Serum estradiol increased eightfold in partially hepatectomized rats and peaked at 6 h followed by a gradual fall to control values. No change in serum estradiol was observed in sham-operated animals. We conclude that demasculinization of hepatic oxidative metabolism occurs in regenerating rat liver. The early rise in serum estradiol is consistent with a role for this hormone in the changes in cytochrome P450 observed, and possibly the process of liver regeneration.[1]


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