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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Time-studies of the changes in the sex-dependent activities of enzymes of hepatic steroid metabolism in the rat during oestrogen administration.

This investigation was undertaken to elucidate the amount of oestradiol and duration of its administration necessary to cause complete feminization of the activities of cytoplasmic 3 alpha- and 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, microsomal 3 alpha- and 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and microsomal 5 alpha-reductase in male rat liver. With the exception of cytoplasmic 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 5 microgram oestradiol/d for 8 days and less was sufficient to cause complete feminization. The order of oestrogen sensitivity was cytoplasmic 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase greater than microsomal 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase greater than microsomal 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase greater than microsomal 5 alpha-reductase greater than cytoplasmic 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Although the changes occurring after oestradiol administration are qualitatively the same as after testectomy, they occur more rapidly. This rules out the possibility that oestradiol exerts its effect via androgen deprivation. Diethylstilboestrol administration causes the same changes in cytoplasmic 17 beta- and microsomal 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity as oestradiol, although the dosage must be increased 100 fold. The effect of diethylstilboestrol on 5 alpha-reductase activity changes with the dose applied. Doses up to 100 microgram/d partially feminize the activity, but at higher doses the enzyme activity is repressed.[1]


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