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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Body fluids and plasma atrial peptide after its chronic infusion in hypertensive rats.

To determine the role of body fluid volume in the chronic hypotensive effect of atrial natriuretic factor ( ANF), spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were infused with the peptide ( Arg 101-Tyr 126) at a rate of 100 ng/h/rat for 5 days. Blood pressure (BP) was decreased from 176 +/- 4 to 133 +/- 3 mmHg in the SHR group 4 days after ANF infusion was initiated, whereas no changes were observed in ANF-infused WKY animals. Starting 5 days after the infusion began, body fluid measurements revealed no differences in plasma, blood and extracellular fluid volumes or in interstitial spaces. BP and plasma ANF concentrations were determined in another set of experiments before, during and after chronic ANF infusion. BP declined from 169 +/- 3 to 133 +/- 5 mmHg in SHR 5 days after the infusion commenced, but returned to basal values by day 10 or 11. Plasma ANF was significantly higher in SHR than in WKY rats throughout the observation period. However, there were no discernible changes in this parameter in ANF-infused SHR compared to non-infused SHR. A 3-fold rise in plasma ANF was noted in infused WKY rats at day 3 only. It is concluded that the chronic hypotensive effect of ANF in hypertensive animals is not related to changes in either body fluid volume or distribution. Moreover, the finding that chronic ANF infusion reduces BP in SHR without altering its plasma levels suggests a rapid ANF turnover.[1]


  1. Body fluids and plasma atrial peptide after its chronic infusion in hypertensive rats. Garcia, R., Cantin, M., Genest, J., Gutkowska, J., Thibault, G. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. (1987) [Pubmed]
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