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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence that the putative 5-HT1A receptor agonists, 8-OH-DPAT and ipsapirone, have a central hypotensive action that differs from that of clonidine in anaesthetised cats.

Thoracic preganglionic sympathetic nerve activity, blood pressure, heart rate and femoral arterial conductance were recorded in anaesthetised, paralysed cats. Cumulative dose-response curves were constructed for 8-OH-DPAT, ipsapirone and clonidine. All three drugs caused dose-related falls in blood pressure which were associated with minimal changes in femoral arterial conductance. However, 8-OH-DPAT and ipsapirone differed from clonidine in that their hypotensive action was associated with moderate sympathoinhibition and a profound bradycardia, whereas clonidine caused profound sympathoinhibition and, as it did not increase central vagal tone, only a moderate bradycardia. 8-OH-DPAT also caused sympathoinhibition in bi-vagotomised cats and decreased carotid sinus nerve activity along with blood pressure. As 8-OH-DPAT and ipsapirone bind selectively to central 5-HT1A receptors it is concluded that central stimulation of these receptors causes sympathoinhibition and an increase in vagal tone, whereas stimulation of central alpha 2-adrenoceptors causes only sympathoinhibition. In addition, the present data suggest a peripheral vasodilator mechanism may also contribute to the hypotensive effects of 8-OH-DPAT and ipsapirone in the cat. The nature and relative importance of this remains to be established.[1]


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