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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Post-translational processing of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides during fetal monkey pituitary development. II. beta-Lipotropin (beta-LPH)-related peptides.

We have studied the post-translational processing of POMC-derived peptides during fetal monkey pituitary development using immunoassay and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP HPLC). Whole pituitary glands obtained from Day 50 and 55 fetal monkeys and separated lobes From Day 65 to 155 were extracted, fractionated, and analyzed for beta-melanotropin (beta-MSH), midportion beta-endorphin (beta-EP), and acetylated beta-EP immunoactivity. Separated adult pituitary lobes were analyzed for comparison. At Day 50, POMC-containing cells were located in both the anterior and intermediate pituitary lobes by immunofluorescence staining, the majority of these cells were localized in the anterior lobe. The Day 50 and 55 whole pituitaries contained predominantly beta-lipotropin (beta- LPH), gamma-lipotropin (gamma- LPH), beta-EP(1-31), and 2.2-kda beta-MSH. No acetylated products were found in Day 50 whole pituitary extracts. By Day 55, carboxy-shortened and acetylated beta-EPs were barely detectable in whole pituitary extracts. These forms were more apparent in the Day 65 separated neurointermediate lobe (NIL) extracts, and were similar to adult proportions by Day 80. The adult anterior lobe contained predominantly beta- LPH, beta-EP, and gamma- LPH. Adult NILs contained almost exclusively 2.2-kda beta-MSH, alpha-N-acetyl beta-EP(1-31) and alpha-N-acetyl beta-EP(1-27). The production of 2.2-kda beta- LPH in the monkey NIL indicates that monkey beta- LPH is different from rat beta- LPH in that it must contain the paired-basic cleavage site required for the formation of 2.2-kda beta-MSH that is known to be lacking in rat beta- LPH. Another finding was that monkey beta-EP contains a Tyr residue at position 27 as found in human beta-EP but appears to have the rat Gln substitution at position 31. The post-translational processing patterns characteristic of each lobe were well established by midterm fetal development (Day 80).[1]


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