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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tn5 insertions in the agrocin 84 plasmid: the conjugal nature of pAgK84 and the locations of determinants for transfer and agrocin 84 production.

The kanamycin-resistance transposon Tn5 was randomly introduced into pAgK84, a 47.7-kb plasmid coding for agrocin 84 production in Agrobacterium. Using such marked plasmids, pAgK84 was found to be conjugal. It could be transferred to several Agrobacterium strains including those harboring octopine- or nopaline-type Ti plasmids. Its presence has no effect on Ti plasmid functions such as opine utilization and tumorigenicity, but it does confer agrocin 84 immunity upon previously sensitive strains. The plasmid could also be conjugally transferred to a Nod+ Fix+ strain of Rhizobium meliloti. The production of agrocin 84 is expressed in all Agrobacterium and Rhizobium transconjugants tested. The agrocin plasmid could not be introduced into restrictionless Escherichia coli or Pseudomonas aeruginosa recipients by conjugation or transformation. The sites of 92 independent Tn5 insertions were mapped on pAgK84. These insertions are dispersed over the entire length of the plasmid. Analysis of the sites and effects of the Tn5 insertions has allowed us to construct a functional map of pAgK84. Forty-three of these insertions, spanning a 20-kb segment of the plasmid, abolished or greatly reduced the production of agrocin 84. The presence of two insertions within this segment having an effect on agrocin production suggests that at least three regions of the plasmid are involved in agrocin 84 biosynthesis. Fourteen of the Tn5 insertion derivatives are no longer conjugally transferable. These insertions all map to a single region of the plasmid and define about 3.5-kb as being associated with transfer functions.[1]


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